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ChatGPT for CRISPR’ creates new gene-editing tools

AI-Designed CRISPR: Revolutionizing Gene Editing

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AI News Researchers are making significant strides in gene-editing technology by leveraging generative artificial intelligence (AI) to design versatile CRISPR systems. Traditionally, the search for new CRISPR gene-editing tools has involved exploring natural environments—from hot springs to yogurt cultures—to uncover novel microbial systems. However, the use of AI is poised to transform this search, allowing for the rapid design of effective gene editors that might even surpass natural variants in flexibility.
Recently published research has demonstrated the power of protein language models, which are neural networks trained on vast databases of protein sequences, to create new CRISPR gene-editing proteins. Some of these AI-designed proteins have been successfully tested in the lab, showing promising results in their ability to edit genes accurately.
Furthermore, another research group has utilized a model trained on microbial genomes to design entirely new CRISPR systems. These systems include both the cutting enzymes (either DNA or RNA-cutting) and the RNA molecules that guide these molecular ‘scissors’ to the correct cutting locations. The advancements reported in these studies highlight the potential of machine learning to develop CRISPR systems that are tailored to specific genetic targets and modifications.
Ali Madani, CEO of biotechnology firm Profluent and a machine-learning scientist, emphasized the groundbreaking nature of these developments. His team recently announced the first successful use of machine learning-designed proteins for editing the human genome, a study detailed in an April preprint on
According to Alan Wong, a synthetic biologist at the University of Hong Kong, while naturally occurring CRISPR systems are effective, they often have limitations in terms of targetable sequences and the types of genetic modifications they can achieve. AI’s ability to expand the range of gene editors could provide crucial solutions where traditional CRISPR tools fall short.
This innovative approach to designing gene-editing tools through AI not only speeds up the discovery process but also enhances the precision and applicability of CRISPR technology, promising a new era of genetic engineering.

AI-Driven CRISPR Innovation: Transforming Genetic Editing

AI News In a groundbreaking approach to genetic research, scientists are now using artificial intelligence (AI) to create advanced CRISPR gene-editing systems, shifting away from traditional models that rely on biological data training. Unlike ChatGPT and other chatbots trained on text, these AI models are developed using vast databases of protein and genome sequences. This training phase enables the AI to grasp the complexities of genetic structures, learning which amino acids typically pair together. This foundational knowledge is crucial for synthesizing entirely new genetic sequences.
The team led by Ali Madani, utilizing their proprietary protein language model named ProGen, has expanded its capabilities to generate novel antibacterial proteins. Recently, they have adapted ProGen to focus on CRISPR systems, training it with millions of CRISPR examples from diverse bacterial and archaeal sources. These organisms naturally employ CRISPR mechanisms to defend against viral attacks, making them a rich source of data for training.
To complement the protein-focused AI, Madani’s group also developed a model dedicated to designing guide RNAs. These molecules are essential as they direct the CRISPR-associated proteins to their specific targets in the genome. Utilizing these AI-designed guides, the team has successfully created new CRISPR protein sequences from various families found in nature.
In practical tests, over 200 AI-generated designs for the CRISPR-Cas9 system were synthesized and evaluated in human cells. Many of these designs proved effective, achieving precise cuts in the genome. Notably, their creation, OpenCRISPR-1, demonstrated a cutting efficiency comparable to traditional CRISPR-Cas9 enzymes but with significantly fewer off-target effects. Furthermore, OpenCRISPR-1 was adapted into a base editor, a tool that alters DNA at the molecular level, and showed similar precision and reduced error propensity compared to existing base editors.
Meanwhile, another research initiative led by computational biologist Brian Hie and bioengineer Patrick Hsu utilized a different AI model, EVO, which is capable of generating both protein and RNA sequences. Trained on 80,000 genomes encompassing 300 billion DNA letters, EVO’s predictive capabilities have designed CRISPR-Cas9 systems whose structures mirror those of natural proteins. Although these designs are yet to be tested in laboratory settings, their conceptual accuracy suggests significant potential.
These AI advancements not only enhance the efficiency and accuracy of gene editing but also open new possibilities for medical research and treatment development. By reducing the trial-and-error aspect of genetic engineering, AI is poised to accelerate the pace of discovery and application in the field of genomics.

Advancements in AI-Designed CRISPR Tools for Precision Medicine

AI News The development of AI-designed CRISPR gene-editing tools is sparking significant interest among scientists for their potential in precision medicine. Noelia Ferruz Capapey, a computational biologist at the Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona, Spain, has expressed her enthusiasm for the accessibility and freedom provided by the OpenCRISPR-1 molecule. Unlike many patented gene-editing tools, OpenCRISPR-1 is available for unrestricted use, which is particularly advantageous for research and therapeutic development. The ProGen2 model, along with a comprehensive ‘atlas’ of CRISPR sequences used for its enhancement, is also openly accessible, fostering collaboration and innovation in the field.
Ali Madani, CEO of Profluent, highlights the tailored nature of these AI-generated tools, noting their superior suitability for medical applications compared to traditional CRISPR systems. The bespoke design capabilities of AI-driven models offer a level of precision that manual adaptations of naturally occurring systems cannot match. Profluent is actively seeking partnerships with biotech firms that are developing gene therapies, aiming to further validate and refine the efficacy of these AI-designed CRISPRs in clinical settings. This collaboration aims to leverage the precision of AI to create more effective, customized treatment options in gene therapy, underscoring a move towards more personalized and accurate medical interventions. SOURCE

Financial Times Forms Content Partnership with ChatGPT

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AI News The Financial Times has announced a new partnership with OpenAI, the creators of ChatGPT, to integrate selections of its journalism into the AI chatbot. This collaboration enables ChatGPT to include summarized content, direct quotes, and links from the Financial Times in its responses to relevant user inquiries.
John Ridding, CEO of FT Group, emphasized the strategic importance of the partnership, stating it not only recognizes the quality of their journalism but also provides the publication with valuable insights on the integration of content with AI technologies.
This agreement is part of a broader initiative by OpenAI to enhance ChatGPT’s reliability and depth through content partnerships with established news sources. Recently, OpenAI has secured similar agreements with notable publishers including The Associated Press, Axel Springer in Germany, Le Monde in France, and Spain’s Prisa Media.
Amidst increasing scrutiny over AI and copyright issues, these partnerships are seen as a move by OpenAI to ensure the credibility and accuracy of the information its models generate. Notably, the company faces ongoing legal challenges, such as a lawsuit from The New York Times, which alleges that OpenAI used its copyrighted content without permission to train ChatGPT’s language models. This lawsuit highlights ongoing tensions between AI developers and news organizations concerning intellectual property rights and the use of public data for AI training, which OpenAI defends as fair use.


The integration of AI in CRISPR gene editing and journalistic content showcases a transformative shift in both the scientific and media landscapes. As AI-designed tools enhance precision in genetic engineering, partnerships like that of the Financial Times with OpenAI illustrate the evolving role of AI in enriching and ensuring the integrity of informational content. These advancements highlight a future where AI’s role transcends traditional boundaries, offering both innovative solutions and ethical challenges.
Stay connected with Arcot Group for more AI News into how such collaborations are reshaping the tech landscape and paving the way for future innovations. For further reading on similar breakthroughs and the impact of AI and robotics, explore our blog.

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